7  Pages. It's as refreshing as it was when it was first published many years ago. 3  Pages. The author describes many different reasons why the Spaniards were successful in the defeat of such a strong empire. When two cultures interact for the first time there is bound to be some discrepancies over what truly occurred. Thus he was also invoked as Ometeotl, “God of Duality,” or given the double names Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl, “Lord and Lady of Duality,” Mictlantecuhtli and Mictecacihuatl, “Lord and Lady of the Region of Death,” and others.”, “Sometimes he was called Tloque-Nahuaque, “Lord of the Close Vicinity,” sometimes Ipalnemohuani, “Giver of Life,” sometimes Moyocoyatzin, “He who Creates Himself.” He also had two aspects, one masculine and one feminine. Nevertheless, these omens foreshadowed something destructive was going to occur in the Aztec, Montezuma sent his highest priests and followers to welcome the Spanish with gifts of gold and precious objects. Following these accounts, the monograph and its translated work concludes in the Aftermath, where León-Portilla highlights the "difficult relations that have always existed between the descendants of the Aztecs and their "others" – the colonial Spaniards and contemporary Mexicans. Premium Cortés returned to Tenochtitlán and reached the palace unchallenged. Retrieved October 25, 2020, from https://www.coursehero.com/lit/The-Broken-Spears-The-Aztec-Account-of-the-Conquest-of-Mexico/. With the correct organization and use of weapons, they started to encroach and trespass the Aztec territory. Perhaps one of the principal arguments of the author is that the Spanish empire contributed to the downfall of the Aztecs. The story of the Cortés and his conquistadors overturning the Aztec empire is typically told from the Spanish perspective ("history is written by the victors" etc. Portilla describes the strategy that worked well for the Spaniards as they made alliances with other cities. Premium When we talk about culture and religion, we appreciate how Portilla shows the technology over the Aztecs. ), so this classic (1959) book reminds us -- and it tries to set the record straight by showing some of the accounts from the Aztec side. They held fiestas an... Introduction León-Portilla prefaces the sources he chose for the book with not only background on the events but descriptions and background information on the sources themselves. Much of this chapter is drawn from texts by Sahagún's informants that describe the Spaniards' approac... Introduction The Broken Spears 2007 [electronic resource]: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico. Another factor that contributed to the Aztec fall was the plague that wiped a big part of the cities. desire to bring a fortune of gold, spices, and land that can be claimed, back to Spain. Information Conveyance When we talk about resistance, we focus in the effect of diseases during the war. Egypt and Mesopotamia for example, had contrived modes of writing as far back as the fourth millennium before Christ. The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico |. 4  Pages, "Broken Spears The Aztec Account Of The Conquest Of Mexico Summary", member has their own point of view based on a plethora of statistics. The Conquest of the Americas by the Spanish was an event in which many aspects were recorded, which has helped historians tremendously. In " The Broken Spears" by Miguel Leon-Portilla we learn about the Aztecs and how they were viciously conquered by the Spaniards. Three indigenous sources provide material for this chapter. According to a 1598 Spanish text, the Cronica Mexicana (Mexican Chronicles), by Nahua noble Fernando ... Introduction This title is described for many experts like a unique and powerful story that relates perfectly the Aztec struggle in those times of Spanish colonization. Course Hero, Inc. As a reminder, you may only use Course Hero content for your own personal use and may not copy, distribute, or otherwise exploit it for any other purpose. Premium January 31, 2020. Basically, the main factor of study in this review is the massacre to the Aztecs and a recompilation of stories from the survivors. Provides a lot of context around the strained relationships that Aztecs had with the neighboring tribes that made it easy for Cortes to find allies. 196 Reviewed by: Nicholas Adams Broken Spears is an accumulated, chronological collection of texts and accounts of the invasion of the Aztec empire by the Spanish from April 22, 1519 to August 13, 1521. I decided to teach this text for my fall class, “The History of History” in order to provide broader geographic and thematic scope for students. Focus Paper #1 The most recent English edition was published in 2007 (ISBN 978-0807055007). The lives of many inno. It was first published in Spanish in 1959, and in English in 1962. The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico (Spanish title: Visión de los vencidos: Relaciones indígenas de la conquista) is a book by Miguel León-Portilla, translating selections of Nahuatl-language accounts of the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire. A popular anthology in English for classroom use is Miguel León-Portilla's, The Broken Spears: The Aztec Accounts of the Conquest of Mexico from 1992. The Indians in Mexico had a thriving culture. They made this kind of rituals for someone who is considered a god. I absolutely enjoyed reading it. Download a PDF to print or study offline. Therefore, it becomes that job of historians to analyze sources and determine their accuracy and relevancy. The Spanish soldiers described the Aztec city as a special place to start a new civilization. Let Professional Writer Help You, 6000 Fairview Road, SouthPark Towers, Suite 1200, Charlotte, NC 28210, USA. I enjoyed reading this book because as a Mexican, I want to learn more about where my family comes from. “The Broken Spears” is a collection of many accounts of the destruction of Mexico by Reliability, Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire, Spanish colonization of the Americas 1425  Words | But worth reading. After analyzing this book, I have learned a lot about the lives of the Indigenous people who have fought their way through inequality to get the Mexican people where they are today. The lives of many innocent people were lost, mainly including women and children. He describes Aztec cultural life amongst the Nahua peoples, the importance of translators that spoke Nahuatl, and the struggle of accounts that were written by eyewitnesses well after the Spanish conquest of Mexico. This was a great tool for that purpose, and students have really enjoyed the book! The passages used, written in the native language of the victims, provide us a brief description of the encounters with the Spaniards that were not seen in the documented history of the conquest. Rarely does such literature exist - especially from 500 or so years previously and when writing wasn't prevalent amongst the defeated forces and culture. at fault for the total destruction of the Aztec Empire. In this review, we can appreciate how the Spaniards exploited them and took a big advantage because the cultural difference. There are no discussion topics on this book yet. These scholars carried on the study of the ancient religious thinking of the Toltecs, which Tlacaelel had transformed into a mystical exaltation of war. Provides a lot of context around the strained relationships that Aztecs had with the neighboring tribes that made it easy for Cortes to find allies. by Beacon Press. They attacked all the celebrants with no compassion. The reader can structure many theories of how this carried over to the Aztecs way of thinking and fighting. Copyright © 2016. Therefore, it becomes that job of historians to analyze sources and determine their accuracy and relevancy. In the war context, the Aztecs made human sacrifices to the gods to obtain protection. This section provides two accounts of Cholula's destruction. Is a fact that more of the negative opinions could be drawn on the description of the Azteca king: Motecuhzoma. Author: Miguel León-Portilla Refresh and try again. The Broken Spears is a complete review of the Spanish colonization; it is well written and easy to understand, which ends up being really fascinating because of the descriptions. Find a summary of this and each chapter of The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico! The foreword, authored by Mexican American university professor J. Jorge Klor de Alva (b. Fascinating to hear the poetic way the Aztec people described seeing horses and Spaniards for the first time. It's as refreshing as it was when it was first published many years ago. When two cultures interact for the first time there is bound to be some discrepancies over what truly occurred. ...The Broken Spears written by Miguel Leon-Portilla is a book that goes into depth about the conquest of Mexico starting in 1519 from an Aztec point of view. The text is especial too because it was written from the vantage point of the Aztecs rather than the Spaniards. Spaniards started to create a thought of superiority in their minds and they changed the kindness for submission. Immediately, the Spaniards started to cut the head of all the celebrants, no matter how the Aztecs tried to save themselves, they only found the death. Welcome back. Many had lost respect for Montezuma because he gave the Spaniards whatever they needed and wanted. Through this book we are informed about the devastation this had caused in the lives of the indigenous people. They definitely had a good reason to describing the city in such enthusiastic terms. Some of the omens foretold included seeing natural occurrences such as fiery rocks that flew past the sky, strange two-headed beasts, and a woman crying out at night warning the Aztecs something was coming and that they needed to leave their city. Premium However, I felt there was a lot to be gained just by understanding this loss. An important historical text that gives the largely unheard perspective of the Aztecs when the Spaniards came to their land. A History by the Defeated, for the Defeated, “The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico” is sadly an overstatement for this collection of writings. The Broken Spears is a book on the Aztec account of the conquest of Mexico. Had to read this for a class and I really enjoyed it! This may have been the greatest factor in the fall of the Aztecs. I would say that without the story structure of having read books like “The Conquest of New Spain” by Bernal Diaz or a more modern book like Buddy Levy’s, this book alone might feel out of context. An example of this fact is when the Spaniards attacked the man who was drumming and cut off his head and it rolled across the floor. We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck. The Broken Spears Focus paper Let us know what’s wrong with this preview of, Published The Broken Spears In that case, we can't... Until 1959, when this book was published for the first time, the only organized testimony about the Conquest was the victorious chronicle of the Spaniards themselves. I did very much appreciate the details of Montezuma’s struggle with these foreign “gods”. The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico (Spanish title: Visión de los vencidos: Relaciones indígenas de la conquista) is a book by Miguel León-Portilla, translating selections of Nahuatl-language accounts of the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire. The monograph Broken Spears is structured through three distinct sections: the first is the overall introduction that León-Portilla uses to provide background for the content of the book. In recent years, academic studies have been more inclined to also address "cultural adaptations" which certainly allowed these voices to be reproduced and heard for many centuries after the Conquest.

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